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The petroleum industry accounts for around a quarter of the country's gross domestic product (GDP).
Norway has two official names: Norge in Bokmål and Noreg in Nynorsk.
The earliest traces of human occupation in Norway are found along the coast, where the huge ice shelf of the last ice age first melted between 11,000 and 8,000 BC.
The oldest finds are stone tools dating from 9,500 to 6,000 BC, discovered in Finnmark (Komsa culture) in the north and Rogaland (Fosna culture) in the south-west.
The kingdom was established as a merger of a large number of petty kingdoms.
There is some disagreement about whether the native name of Norway originally had the same etymology as the English form.
Norway has both administrative and political subdivisions on two levels: counties and municipalities.
The Sámi people have a certain amount of self-determination and influence over traditional territories through the Sámi Parliament and the Finnmark Act.
It also included Bohuslän until 1658, Jämtland and Härjedalen until 1645, Shetland and Orkney until 1468, and the Hebrides and Isle of Man until 1266.
Norway has a total area of 385,252 square kilometres (148,747 sq mi) and a population of 5,258,317 (as of January 2017).